Brain Health

Human Studies

Effects of astaxanthin-rich Haematococcus pluvialis extract on cognitive function: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2012 Sep; 51(2):102-7.

Amyloid β Levels in Human Red Blood Cells.

PLoS One. 2012; 7(11):e49620.

Antioxidant effect of astaxanthin on phospholipid peroxidation in human erythrocytes.

Br J Nutr. 2011 Jun; 105(11):1563-71.

Animal Studies & In Vitro Studies

Neuroprotective effect of Astaxanthin on H(2)O(2)-induced neurotoxicity in vitro and on focal cerebral ischemia in vivo.

Brain Res. 2010 Nov 11; 1360:40-8.

Neuroprotective Effects of Astaxanthin in Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation in SH-SY5Y Cells and Global Cerebral Ischemia in Rat.

J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2010 Sep; 47(2):121-9.

Astaxanthin reduces ischemic brain injury in adult rats.

FASEB J. 2009 June; 23(6):1958–1968.

Astaxanthin inhibits reactive oxygen species-mediated cellular toxicity in dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells via mitochondria-targeted protective mechanism.

Brain Res. 2009 Feb 13; 1254:18-27.

Astaxanthin protects neuronal cells against oxidative damage and is a potent candidate for brain food.

Forum Nutr. 2009; 61:129-35.

Dose-dependent effects of astaxanthin on cortical spreading depression in chronically ethanol-treated adult rats.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2008 Aug;32(8):1417-21.

Impact of astaxanthin-enriched algal powder of Haematococcus pluvialis on memory improvement in BALB/c mice.

Environ Geochem Health. 2007 Dec ;29(6):483-9.

Antihypertensive and neuroprotective effects of astaxanthin in experimental animals.

Biol Pharm Bull. 2005 Jan; 28(1):47-52.