Carotenoids in Age-related Maculopathy Italian Study (CARMIS): two-year results of a randomized study.
Eur J Ophthalmol. 2012 Mar; 22(2):216-225.
Astaxanthin increases choroidal blood flow velocity.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2012 Feb; 250(2):239-45.
The effect of a dietary supplement containing astaxanthin on the accommodation of the eye in middle-aged and older people.
Medical Consultation & New Remedies. 2009 Mar; 46(3):89-93.
Effects of Astaxanthin on accommodation, critical flicker fusion, and pattern visual evoked potential in visual display terminal workers.
J. Trada. Med. 2002; 19, 170-173.
Animal Studies & In Vitro Studies
Amelioration of ultraviolet-induced photokeratitis in mice treated with astaxanthin eye drops.
Mol Vis. 2012; 18:455-64.
Suppressive effect of Astaxanthin on retinal injury induced by elevated intraocular pressure.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2010 Oct; 58(1):121-30.
Astaxanthin interacts with selenite and attenuates selenite-induced cataractogenesis.
Chem Res Toxicol. 2009 Mar 16; 22(3):518-25.
Astaxanthin, a dietary carotenoid, protects retinal cells against oxidative stress in-vitro and in mice in-vivo.
J Pharm Pharmacol. 2008 Oct; 60(10):1365-74.
Inhibition of choroidal neovascularization with an anti-inflammatory carotenoid astaxanthin.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Apr; 49(4):1679-85.
Lutein, zeaxanthin and astaxanthin protect against DNA damage in SK-N-SH human neuroblastoma cells induced by reactive nitrogen species.
J Photochem Photobiol B. 2007 Jul 27; 88(1):1-10.
Astaxanthin protects against oxidative stress and calcium-induced porcine lens protein degradation.
J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Mar 22; 54(6):2418.
Suppressive effects of astaxanthin against rat endotoxin-induced uveitis by inhibiting the NF-kappaB signaling pathway.
Exp Eye Res. 2006 Feb; 82(2):275-81.