Gastrointestinal Health


Full-spectrum antioxidant therapy featuring astaxanthin coupled with lipoprivic strategies and salsalate for management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Med Hypotheses. 2011 Oct; 77(4):550-6.

Human Studies

Efficacy of the natural antioxidant Astaxanthin in the treatment of functional dyspepsia in patients with or without Helicobacter pylori infection: A prospective, randomized, double blind, and placebo-controlled study.

Phytomedicine. 2008 Jun; 15(6-7):391-9.

Gastric inflammatory markers and interleukins in patients with functional dyspepsia treated with astaxanthin

FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2007 Jul; 50(2):244-8.

Animal Studies & In Vitro Studies

Protective effects of astaxanthin from Paracoccus carotinifaciens on murine gastric ulcer models.

Phytother Res. 2012 Aug; 26(8):1126-32.

Effect of astaxanthin on hepatocellular injury following ischemia/reperfusion.

Toxicology. 2010 Jan 12;267(1-3):147-53.

Ulcer preventive and antioxidative properties of astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis.

Eur J Pharmacol. 2008 Aug 20; 590(1-3):387-95.

Protective effect of Astaxanthin on naproxen-induced gastric antral ulceration in rats.

Eur J Pharmacol. 2005 May 2; 514(1):53-9.