Immune System

Human Studies

Astaxanthin decreased oxidative stress and inflammation and enhanced immune response in humans.

Nutr Metab (Lond). 2010 Mar 5; 7:18.

Effect of the intake of astaxanthin-containing Haematococcus pluvialis on the severity, immunofunction and physiological function in patients with atopic dermatitis.

J Environ Dermatol Cutan Allergol, 2009; 3(5):429-438.

Animal Studies & In Vitro Studies

Dietary Astaxanthin enhances immune response in dogs.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2011 Apr 15; 140(3-4):199-206.

Astaxanthin addition improves human neutrophils function: in vitro study.

Eur J Nutr. 2010 Dec; 49(8):447-57.