Muscle Endurance

Human Studies

Effect of Astaxanthin Supplementation on Paraoxonase 1 Activities and Oxidative Stress Status in Young Soccer Players.

Phytother Res. 2012 Nov 28.

Effect of astaxanthin on cycling time trial performance

Int J Sports Med. 2011 Nov; 32(11):882-8.

Dietary supplementation with astaxanthin -rich algal meal improves strength endurance. –A double blind placebo controlled study on male students-

Carotenoid Science, 13, 2008; 20-22

Animal Studies & In Vitro Studies

Astaxanthin improves muscle lipid metabolism in exercise via inhibitory effect of oxidative CPT I modification.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Feb 22; 366(4):892-7.